||Cancer is the number one disease
killing children from age six months to young
adulthood. It is the leading cause of non-accidental
death in children.
||Childhood cancer occurs
regularly, randomly and spares no ethnic group,
socioeconomic class or geographic region.
||Unlike adult cancers, the causes
of most childhood cancers are still unknown and are
not linked to lifestyle and environmental risk
||The incidence of childhood
cancer is highest in the first five years of life,
between ages zero to four years old).
||Among infants, zero to one year
old, the most common malignant cancers are
neuroblastomas, followed by leukemias and central
nervous system tumours.
||Advances in cancer research and
treatments have significantly improved the chances
of survival for children in resource-rich countries
||In Canada today, about 80 per
cent of children diagnosed with cancer will survive.
||Survival often comes at a price. Despite
advances in research, seventy-five per cent of
children who survive cancer live with permanent side
effects, which may include but are not limited to
deafness, blindness, growth issues, motor
impairments, cognitive difficulties, heart, kidney
and fertility issues, psychological, neurological
and endocrine disorders.
||Although advances in research
have improved the chances of survival, many children
still die from the disease. High-risk cancers,
including those of the central nervous system,
certain leukemias, neuroblastomas and bone and soft
tissue cancers, still have relatively low survival
rates, as low as 7 per cent.
||Childhood cancer is consistently
underfunded, accounting for only three to five per
cent of all cancer research funding.
||More than 100 Alberta children will be diagnosed
with cancer this year.
||Every year, at least 20 Alberta children die
||In 2006, 1,826 Albertans had survived childhood
||Every year, approximately 1,300 Canadian
children are diagnosed with cancer.
||In 2010, 160 Canadian children died from cancer.
||In 2010, 7,641 Canadian children were living
||Each year, an estimated 160,000 children are
diagnosed with cancer worldwide and 90,000 of these
children lose their life to the disease.
||Eighty per cent of children with cancer live in
developing nations and more than half of these kids
will die because they lack access to prompt,
||Every day, about 440 kids worldwide are
diagnosed with the disease and some 250 die from
Note: Sources for the
above statistics include Alberta Health Services,
Canadian Cancer Society and the World Health