Childhood cancers differ in many ways from those in adults.
They develop in different parts of the body, look different
under the microscope and respond differently to treatments.
The survival rate for children with cancer is much higher
than it is for adults. Childhood cancers tend to grow
quickly and so are more responsive to chemotherapy and
radiation treatments. In resource-rich countries like
Canada, the cure rate for children with cancer is now close
to 80 per cent.
There are many types of cancer in children but the most
common childhood cancers are leukemias (cancers of the
blood-producing tissues), lymphomas (cancers of the
lymphatic system) and brain tumours, whereas skin, prostate, lung and colorectal cancers are most common in
A child’s stage of growth and development is an important
factor when considering treatment options. Although
childhood cancers are more responsive to treatment, cancer
therapies can be harsh and may have lasting disabling
effects on growing bodies.
The causes of most childhood cancers are still unknown,
while many adult cancers have been linked to environmental,
occupational and live style issues such diet, alcohol and
To read more about childhood cancer, click here for a list
of cancer sites or visit our alphabetical
glossary of cancer
For more information on resources and services available for
families facing childhood cancer, call us at 403.216.9210 or